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REFERENCES

AMOS       William Amos
The Originals: Who's Really Who in Fiction
London: Jonathan Cape, 1985

AUEL       Jean Auel
The Clan of the Cave Bear
New York: Crown, 1980

AUF DER MAUR       Nick Auf der Maur
(Edited by David Bist)
Nick: A Montreal Life
Montreal: V╚hicule Press, 1998

BARBER       Benjamin Barber
Jihad vs MacWorld
New York: Times Books/ Random House, 1995

BARDINI       Thierry Bardini
Bootstrapping: Douglas Engelbart, Coevolution, and the Origins of Personal Computing
Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2000

BARKOW       Jerome H. Barkow, Leda Cosmides & John ET AL Tooby (Editors)
The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture
New York: Oxford University Press, 1992

BAYERS       Chip Bayers
The inner Bazos
Wired, March 1998, Volume 7.03, Pages 114-121, 172-175, 186-187

BECKER       Ernest Becker
The Denial of Death
New York: Free Press, 1973

BENDETTI & DEHART       Paul Bendetti & Nancy DeHart (Editors)
On and By McLuhan: Forward Through the Rearview Mirror
Toronto: Prentice-Hall Canada, 1996

BENYUS       Janine Benyus
Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature
New York: William Morrow, 1998

BERELSON & STEINER       Bernard Berelson & Gary Steiner
Human Behavior: An Inventory of Scientific Findings
New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1964

BOLLES       Richard Bolles
The Three Boxes of Life: And How to Get Out of Them
Berkeley, California: Ten Speed Press, 1975

BOLTER       Jay David Bolter
Writing Space: The Computer, Hypertext, and the History of Writing
Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1991 BRAND       Stewart Brand
The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at MIT
New York: Viking, 1987

BRANDT       Willy Brandt
North-South: A Programme for Survival
Saint-Amand, France: Editions Gaillimard, 1980

BRANTLINGER       Patrick Bratlinger
Bread and Circuses: Theories of Mass Culture as Social Decay
Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983

BROCKMAN       John Brockman (Editor)
Digerati: Encounters with the Cyber Elite
San Francisco: HardWired, 1996

BRYSON       Bill Bryson
Made in America: An Informal History of the English Language in the United States
New York: William Morrow, 1994

CAHILL       Thomas Cahill
How the Irish Saved Civilization: The Untold Story of Ireland's Heroic Role from the Fall of Rome to the Rise of Medieval Europe
New York: Doubleday, 1995

CANADIAN TRANSPORTATION       Canadian Transportation
C. P. R. machine processes paper work
Canadian Transportation, September 1955, Pages 475-476

CHARLAND       Maurice Charland
Technological nationalism
Canadian Journal of Political and Social Theory, 1986, X(1-2), Pages 196-220

CHOMSKY 1959       Noam Chomsky
Review of B. F. Skinner "Verbal Behavior"
Language, 1959, 35, Pages 26-58

CHOMSKY 1966       Noam Chomsky
Cartesian Linguistics
New York: Harper & Row, 1966

CLARKE       Arthur C. Clarke
How the World was One: Beyond the Global Village
New York: Bantam, 1992

COLEMAN       J. S. Coleman
Equality of Educational Opportunity
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education, 1966

CROSARIOL       Beppi Crosariol
Killer App is e-mail
The Globe & Mail, 28 June 1997, Pages C1, C8

CROWLEY & HEYER       David Crowley & Paul Heyer (Editors)
Communication in History: Technology, Culture, Society
(Third Edition) New York: Longman, 1999

DAMER       Bruce Damer
Avatars!: Exploring and Building Virtual Worlds on the Internet
Berkeley, California: Peachpit Press, 1998

DARWIN       Charles Darwin
On the Origin of Species
London: John Murray, 1859

DE KERCKHOVE 1995       Derrick de Kerckhove
The Skin of Culture: Investigating the New Electronic Reality
      Toronto: Somerville House, 1995

DE KERCKHOVE 1997        Derrick de Kerckhove
Connected Intelligence: The Arrival of the Web Society
      Toronto: Somerville House, 1997

DEACON       Terrence W. Deacon
The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain
New York: W. W. Norton, 1997

DEGLER       Carl N. Degler
In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought
New York: Oxford University Press, 1991

DENNETT 1987       Daniel C. Dennett
Consciousness in GREGORY, Pages 160-164

DENNETT 1991       Daniel C. Dennett
Consciousness Explained
Boston: Little, Brown, 1991

DESMOND & MOORE       Adrian Desmond & James Moore
Darwin: The Life of a Tormented Evolutionist
New York: W. W. Norton, 1991

DIAMOND       Jared Diamond
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies
New York: W. W. Norton, 1999

DIXON       N. F. Dixon
Subliminal perception in GREGORY, Pages 752-755

DUNBAR       Robin Dunbar
Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language
London: Faber & Faber, 1996

DYSON       George Dyson
The undead: A technology that won't go away
Wired, March 1999, Volume 7.03, Pages 140-145, 170-172

ELLUL       Jacques Ellul
The Technological Society
New York: Knopf, 1964

FERRARINI       Elizabeth Ferrarini
Confessions of an Infomaniac
Berkeley: Sybex, 1984

FERRAROTTI       Franco Ferrarotti
The End of Conversation: The Impact of Mass Media on Modern Society
New York: Greenwood Press, 1988

FISHER & FISHER       David E. Fisher & Marshall Jon Fisher
Tube: The Invention of Television
San Diego: Harcourt, Brace, 1997

FLANAGAN 1991       Owen J. Flanagan
The Science of the Mind (Second Edition)
Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1991

FLANAGAN 1999       Owen J. Flanagan
Dreaming Souls: Sleep, Dreams, and the Evolution of Mind
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999

FULLER       R. Buckminster Fuller
Utopia or Oblivion
New York: Bantam, 1969

GALTUNG       Johan Galtung
Towards Self-reliance and Global Interdependence
Ottawa: Department of Environment, 1978

GARDINER 1970       W. Lambert Gardiner
Psychology: A Story of a Search
Monterey, California: Brooks/Cole, 1970, 1973

GARDINER 1980       W. Lambert Gardiner
The Psychology of Teaching
Monterey, California: Brooks/Cole, 1980

GARDINER 1987       W. Lambert Gardiner
The Ubiquitous Chip: The Human Impact of Electronic Technology
Hudson Heights, Quebec: Scot & Siliclone, 1987

GARDINER 1993       W. Lambert Gardiner
Consciousness Lost! Consciousness Regained? in George E. Lasker & Dennis Murphy (Editors).
Advances in Research on Human Consciousness
The International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics, 1994, Pages 7-11

GARDINER 1997       W. Lambert Gardiner
What kind of cyborg do you plan to be? In George E. Lasker (Editor).
Advances in Sociocybernetics and Human Development
Volume IV. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Systems Research, Informatics and Cybernetics, in Baden Baden, Germany on 18-23 August, 1997. The International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics, 1997, Pages 108-115

GARDINER 2002       W. Lambert Gardiner
Turning Teaching Inside-Out
(in preparation)

GATES       Bill Gates
(with Nathan Myhrvold & Peter Rinearson)
The Road Ahead
New York: Penguin, 1995

GIBSON E & WALK R       E. J. Gibson & R. D. Walk
The "Visual Cliff"
Scientific American, 1960, 202(4), Pages 64-71

GIBSON W 1984       William Gibson
Neuromancer
New York: Ace, 1984

GIBSON W 1987       William Gibson
Count Zero
New York: Ace, 1987

GIBSON W 1988       William Gibson
Mona Lisa Overdrive
New York: Bantam, 1988

GIBSON W & STERLING B       William Gibson & Bruce Sterling
The Difference Engine
London: Victor Gollancz, 1990

GOFFMAN 1959       Erving Goffman
The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1959

GOFFMAN 1961       Erving Goffman
Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates
Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1961

GOLDSTEIN       Tom Goldstein (Editor)
Killing the Messenger: 100 Years of Media Criticism
New York: Columbia University Press, 1989

GRAY       Chris Hables Gray
Cyborg Citizen: Politics in the Post-Human Age
New York: Routledge, 2002

GREGORY       Richard Gregory (Editor)
The Oxford Companion to the Mind
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987

HARAWAY       Donna J. Haraway
Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature
      London: Routledge, 1991

HARPERS       Harper's Magazine
Camille Paglia & Neil Postman: She wants her TV! He wants his book!
Harper's Magazine, March 1991, Pages 44-55
(reprinted in CROWLEY & HEYER, Pages 288-300)

HAYLES       Katherine N. Hayles
How We Became Post-human: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999

HELSEL & ROTH       Sandra K. Helsel & Judith Paris Roth (Editors)
Virtual Reality: Theory, Practice, and Promise
Westport, Connecticut: Meckler, 1991

HOCKETT       Charles F. Hockett
Animal "languages" and human language
Human Biology, 1959, 31, Pages 32-39

HOMER-DIXON       Thomas Homer-Dixon
The Ingenuity Gap
Toronto: Random House of Canada, 2001

HONORE       Carl Honore
The man behind the smile
The Globe & Mail, 28 December 1992, Page A13

HORN       Stacey Horn
Cyberville: Clicks, Culture and the Creation of an Online Town
New York: Warner, 1998

ILLICH       Ivan Illich
De-Schooling Society
New York: Harper & Row, 1971

IMMEN       Wallace Immen
Morse tapped out
The Globe and Mail, 2 February 1999, Page A9

INGRAM 1992       Jay Ingram
Talk, Talk, Talk: An Investigation into the Mystery of Speech
Toronto: Viking, 1992

INGRAM 1998       Jay Ingram
The Barmaid's Brain: and Other Strange Tales from Science
Toronto: Viking, 1998

INNIS 1950       Harold A. Innis
Empire and Communication
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1950

INNIS 1951       Harold A. Innis
The Bias of Communication
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1951

IRVING       John Irving
My Movie Business: A Memoir
Toronto: Alfred A Knopf, 1999

JOURARD       Sidney M. Jourard
Self-Disclosure: An Experimental Analysis of the Transparent Self
New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1971

JUSTER       Robert Juster
The virtual hereafter
VIA Magazine, November 1999, Pages 43-44

KANE       Margaret Kane
The next portal killer app
ZDNet Tech News, 7 September 1999, 07:28:00 p. m.

KAPLAN       Robert Kaplan
The Nothing That Is: A Natural History of Zero
New York: Oxford University Press, 1999

KAUFFMAN       Stuart Kauffman
At Home in the Universe: The Search for Laws of Self-organization and Complexity
New York: Oxford University Press, 1995

KELLEY       H. H. Kelley
The warm-cold variable in first impressions of persons
Journal of Personality, 1950, 18, Pages 431-439

KELLY       Kevin Kelly
Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World
Reading, Massachussets: Addison-Wesley, 1994

KINZEY       W. Kinzey (Editor)
Primate Models of Human Behavior
New York: SUNY Press, 1987

KLEIN       Naomi Klein
No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies
New York: Picador, 2000

KOESTLER       Arthur Koestler
The Act of Creation
London: Hutchinson, 1964

KRANE       Jim Krane
Stretching silicon speeds up computers: IBM
Montreal Gazette, 9 June 2001, Page D7

KROKER 1984       Arthur Kroker
Technology and the Canadian Mind: Innis, McLuhan, Grant
Montreal: New World Perspectives, 1984

KROKER 1993       Arthur Kroker
Spasm: Virtual Reality, Android Music, Electric Flesh
New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993

KROKER & WEINSTEIN       Arthur Kroker & Michael A. Weinstein
Data Trash: The Theory of the Virtual Class
Montreal: New World Perspectives, 1994


LACKNER & GARRETT       J. Lackner & M. Garrett
Resolving Ambiguity: Effect of Biasing Context in the Unattended Ear
Cognition, 1973, Volume 1, Pages 359-372

LAMBERT       Wallace E. Lambert
Bilingualism and language acquisition
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, December 1981, 379, Pages 9-22

LASHLEY       Kurt S. Lashley
Mass action in cerebral function
Science, 1931, 73, Pages 245-254

LASN       Kalle Lasn
Culture Jam: The Uncooling of AmericaTM
Vancouver: Eagle Brook, 1999

LAUREL       Brenda Laurel
Computers as Theater
New York: Addison-Wesley, 1993

LEFCOURT       H. M. Lefcourt
Recent development in the study of locus of control
In MAHER

LEVINSON 1997       Paul Levinson
The Soft Edge: A Natural History and Future of the Information Revolution
London: Routledge, 1997

LEVINSON 1999 Paul Levinson
Digital McLuhan: A Guide to the Information Millennium
London: Routledge, 1999

LEVY       Steven Levy
Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution
New York: Dell, 1984

LOGAN 1986       Robert K. Logan
The Alphabet Effect: The Impact of the Phonetic Alphabet on the Development of Western Civilization
New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986

LOGAN 1995       Robert K. Logan
The Fifth Language: Learning a Living in the Computer Age
Toronto: Stoddart, 1995

LOGAN 2000       Robert K. Logan
The Sixth Language: Learning a Living in the Internet Age
Toronto: Stoddart, 2000

LORENZ       Konrad Lorenz
On Aggression
New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovitch, 1966

MANGUEL       Alberto Manguel
A History of Reading
Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 1996

MANN & NIEDZVIECKI       Steve Mann & Hal Niedzviecki
Cyborg: Digital Destiny and Human Possibilities in the Age of the Wearable Computer
Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 2001

MARCHAND       Philip Marchand
Marshall McLuhan: The Medium and the Messenger
Toronto: Random House, 1989

MCCONNELL       James V. McConnell
Memory transfer through cannibalism in planarians
Journal of Neuropsychiatry, 3, Supplement 1 - August 1962, Pages 42-48

MCLUHAN E       Eric McLuhan
Electric Language: Understanding the Message
Toronto: Buzz Books, 1998

MCLUHAN M       Marshall McLuhan
Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964

MCLUHAN M & MCLUHAN E       Marshall McLuhan & Eric McLuhan
Laws of Media: The New Science
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988

MEAD       Margaret Mead
Culture and Commitment: The New Relationships Between the Generations in the 1970s (Revised and Updated)
New York: Columbia University Press, 1978

MEADOWS       Donella H. Meadows, Dennis L. Meadows, ET AL Jorgen Randers & William W. Behrens 111
The Limits to Growth
New York: New American Library, 1972

MILES       Rosalind Miles
The Women's History of the World
London: HarperCollins, 1993

MILLER       George A. Miller
The magical number seven, plus or minus two:
Some limits on our capacity for processing information

Psychological Review, 1956, 63, Pages 81-97

MOLINARO       Matie Molinaro, Corinne McLuhan and William ET AL Toye (Editors)
Letters of Marshall McLuhan
Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1987

MOORE         Lynn Moore
Caught in a Web of online betting
Montreal Gazette, 10 June 2001, Pages A1, A6

MOSEY       Chris Mosey
What ever happened to what's his number?
Globe and Mail,. 23 October 1981, Page 7

MURRAY       Janet Horowitz Murray
Hamlet on the Holodeck: The Future of Narrative in Cyberspace
Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1997

MUYBRIDGE       Eadweard Muybridge
(Lewis L. Brown, Editor)
Animals in Motion
New York: Dover, 1957

NEGROPONTE       Nicholas Negroponte
Being Digital
New York: Random House, 1995

NIELSEN       Jakob Nielsen
Hypertext & Hypermedia
San Diego, California: Academic Press, 1990

NISBETT & WILSON       R. E. Nisbett & T. D. Wilson
Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes
Psychological Review, 1977, Volume 84, Pages 231-259

NORRETRANDERS       Tor Norretranders
The User Illusion: Cutting Consciousness Down to Size
New York: Viking, 1998

PARKER       Barbara Parker
Aha!
Victoria, B. C.: Trafford, 2001

PENFIELD & ROBERTS       W. Penfield & L. Roberts
Speech and Brain Mechanisms
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1959

PIAGET       Jean Piaget
The Child and Reality: Problems of Genetic Psychology
New York: Grossman, 1973

PICKNETT & PRINCE       Lynn Picknett & Clive Prince
Turin Shroud: In Whose Image? The Truth Behind the Centuries-Old Conspiracy of Silence
Toronto: Stoddart, 1980

PILLER       Charles Piller
Dreamnet Macworld, October 1994

PINKER 1997       Steven Pinker
How the Mind Works
New York: W. W. Norton, 1997

PINKER 1999       Steven Pinker
Words and Rules: The Ingredients of Language
New York: Basic Books, 1999

POLANYI       Michael Polanyi
Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974

POLLAN       Michael Pollan
The Botany of Desire: A Plant's-eye View of the World
New York: Random House, 2001

POOLE       Ithiel de Sola Poole (Editor)
The Social Impact of the Telephone
Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1977

POSTMAN 1986       Neil Postman
Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business
New York: Viking, 1986

POSTMAN 1993       Neil Postman
Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology
New York: Viking, 1993

POWE 1987       Bruce W. Powe
The Solitary Outlaw: Trudeau, Lewis, Gould, Canelli, McLuhan
Toronto: Lester & Orpen Dennys, 1987

POWE 1993       Bruce W. Powe
A Tremendous Canada of Light
Toronto: Coach House, Press, 1993

POWE 1995       Bruce W. Powe
Outage: A Journey into Electric City
Toronto: Random House of Canada, 1995

PRIBRAM       Karl H. Pribram
Languages of the Brain: Experimental Paradoxes and Principles in Neuropsychology
Monterey, California: Brooks/Cole, 1971

PRITCHARD ET AL       R. M. Pritchard, W. Heron & D. O. Hebb
Vision with a stabilized retinal image
Canadian Journal of Psychology, 1960, 14, Page 67

RASKIN       Jef Raskin
The Humane Interface: New Directions for Designing Interactive Systems
Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 2000

RHEINGOLD 1985       Howard Rheingold
Tools for Thought: The People and Ideas Behind the Next Computer Revolution
New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985

RHEINGOLD 1993       Howard Rheingold
The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier
Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 1993

RICHLER       Howard Richler
Europanta is a Babel lingo for our times
Montreal Gazette, 16 January 1999, Page J2

ROBERTS       Monty Roberts
The Man Who Listens to Horses
Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 1996

ROBINSON       Andrew Robinson
The Story of Writing: Alphabets, Hieroglyphs and Pictograms
London: Thames & Hudson, 1995

ROGERS       Everett M. Rogers
A History of Communication Theory: A Biographical Approach
New York: Free Press, 1994

RUCKER ET AL       Rudy Rucker, R. U. Sirius & Queen Mu
Mondo 2000: A User's Guide to the New Edge
New York: HarperCollins, 1992

SAGAN       Carl Sagan
The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence
New York: Ballantine, 1977

SANDERS       Lawrence Sanders
The Tomorrow File
New York: Berkley, 1975

SCHMANDT-BESSERAT       Denise Schmandt-Besserat
Before Writing (Two Volumes)
Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992

SHELLEY       Mary Shelley
Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969

SHENK       David Shenk
Data Smog: Surviving the Information Glut
New York: HarperCollins, 1997

SHEPARD & METZLER       R. N. Shepard & J. Metzler
Mental rotation of three-dimensional objects
Science, 1971, Volume 171, Pages 701-703

SHLAIN       Leonard Shlain
The Alphabet versus the Goddess: The Conflict Between Word and Image
New York: Viking, 1999

SIEFE       Charles Siefe
Zero: The Biography of a Dangerous Idea
New York: Viking, 2000

SILVERMAN & EALS       Irwin Silverman and Marion Eals
Sex differences in spatial abilities: Evolutionary theory and data
in BARKOW ET AL, Pages 533-549

SIMON       Herbert A. Simon
The Sciences of the Artificial
Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1969

SKINNER       B. F. Skinner
Verbal Behavior
New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1957

SPANNER       Spanner
Integrated data processing officially opened
Spanner, April 1957, Pages 4-8, 18-20

STEPHENSON       Neal Stephenson
Cryptonomicon
New York: Avon, 1999

STERNBERG       S. Sternberg
High-speed scanning in human memory
Science, 1966, Volume 153, Pages 652-654

STONE       Alluqu╦re Rosanne (Sandy) Stone
The War of Desire and Technology at the Close of the Mechanical Age
Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1995

STREITFELD       David Streitfeld
A chip that's only skin-deep
Los Angeles Times, 19 December 2001

TAPSCOTT       Don Tapscott
Growing Up Digital: The Rise of the Net Generation
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998

THOMPSON       William Irwin Thompson
At The Edge of History
New York: Harper & Row, 1971

TOFFLER 1971       Alvin Toffler
Future Shock
New York: Bantam, 1971

TOFFLER 1990       Alvin Toffler
Power Shift: Knowledge, Wealth, and Violence at the Edge of the 21st Century
New York: Bantam, 1990

TOOBY & DE VORE       John Tooby & James de Vore
The reconstruction of hominid behavioural evolution through strategic modelling.
in KINZEY, Pages 183 - 237

TOYNBEE       Arnold Joseph Toynbee
A Study of History (12 Volumes)
London: Oxford University Press, 1934-1954

TURING       Alan M. Turing
Computing machinery and intelligence
Mind, 1950, Volume 59, Pages 285-310

TURKLE 1984       Sherry Turkle
The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit
New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984

TURKLE 1995       Sherry Turkle
Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet
New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995

VALASKAKIS       Kimon Valaskakis, Peter S. Sindell, J. Graham ET AL Smith & Iris Fitzpatrick-Martin
The Conserver Society: A Workable Alternative for the Future
New York: Harper & Row, 1979

VAN DOREN       Charles Van Doren
A History of Knowledge: Past, Present, and Future
New York: Ballantine Books, 1991

VEBLEN       Thorstein Veblen
The Theory of the Leisure Class
New York: Penguin, 1994 (first published in 1899)

VON FRISCH 1950       Karl von Frisch
Bees: Their Vision, Chemical Senses, and Language
New York: Cornell University Press, 1950

VON FRISCH 1967       Karl von Frisch
The Dance Language and Orientation of Bees
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1967

WALEY       Arthur Waley
Three Ways of Thought in Ancient China
Palo Alto, California: Stanford University Press, 1983

WELLS       H. G. Wells
Outline of History (2 Volumes)
New York: Scholarly Press, 1974 (first published in 1920)

WHITE       Keith White
The Killer App
Utne Reader, September-October 1991, Pages 77-81

WILSON       Edward O. Wilson
Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge
New York: Knopf, 1998

YOUNG       J. Z. Young
Visual response of octopus to crabs and other figures before and after training
Journal of Experimental Biology, 1956, 33, Pages 709-729